of Saudi Arabia
The birth of Prophet Mohammed in Makkah.
Islam is born when Prophet Mohammed sees a vision
Prophet Mohammed flees Makkah and travels to
Madinah. The Flight is known
as”the Hejirah.” The Muslim calendar begins
on that date.
The death of Prophet Mohammed.
The Koran is written, based on the word of God as
told to Mohammed.
The first of Sultana’s ancestors settles in
Dar’iyah (old Riyadh).
The warrior, Mohammed Al Sa’ud, and the
teacher, Mohammed Al Wahhab, join forces.
After years of desert fighting, most of Arabia is
united under the authority of the Al Sa’ud and Al
The founder of the modern state of Saudi Arabia,
Abdul Aziz ibn Sa’ud, is born.
Rivals of the Al Sa’ud clan, the Rasheeds,
capture the city of Riyadh.
The Al Sa’ud clan wander in the desert and
finally go into exile into Kuwait.
Abdul Aziz ibn Sa’ud and his men capture Riyadh
from the Rasheed clan.
The famed warrior Abdul Aziz ibn Sa’ud
successfully unites most of Arabia. The Kingdom of Saudi
Arabia becomes the twelfth largest country in the world.
United States wins the concession to search for oil in
the deserts of Saudi Arabia.
1938 Oil is
discovered in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
production soars to 60 million barrels a year.
Faisal leads the Arabic delegation against the Jewish
delegation in their efforts to declare Israel a state.
The State of Israel is established. An embittered Arab
delegation vows to defeat the Jews in war.
1948 The first
Arab-Israeli war begins. The Israelis defeat the Arabs.
Abdul Aziz ibn Sa’ud dies, his eldest son, Sa’ud,
becomes king. Faisal is named crown prince.
is officially abolished in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia,
but unofficially still exists.
religious protests, the first school for girls opens in
Sa’ud abdicates and leaves the kingdom. Crown Prince
Faisal becomes the third king of Saudi Arabia. Khalid is
declared the new crown prince.
Six-Day War between Israel and its Arab neighbors
begins. The Arabs are defeated.
ex-King Sa’ud dies in Greece.
October 1973 war begins. Israel comes close to defeat,
but rallies at the end and expels the Arab armies.
1973 Due to the
latest of the Arab-Israeli wars, King Faisal calls for
an oil embargo against Western countries.
1975 King Faisal is
assassinated by a nephew.
1975 At Faisal's
death, King Khalid is declared king. Fahd is named the
new crown prince.
1977 King Khalid
issues a government decree that forbids women to travel
outside their homes unless escorted by a male member of
her immediate family. A second decree forbids women to
travel abroad to study unless accompanied by a male
member of her immediate family.
1982 King Khalid
dies of a heart attack. Fahd is declared king. Abdullah
is named crown prince.
1990 Iraq invades
Kuwait. Saudi Arabia allows foreign troops inside the
1991 Saudi Arabia
joins with Western and Arab allies to fight Iraq. The
war is won and foreign troops depart the kingdom.
authorities impose harsh restrictions on the female
population of Saudi Arabia.
1993 Groups spring
up in Saudi Arabia to protest violations of human
rights. The government forcefully disbands the groups,
arresting some members.
1993 The Israelis
and Palestinians sign a long-awaited peace accord. The
Saudi Government speaks of peace with Israel.
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